The cozy and quirky story of the sleeper
Jumpsuits, bodysuits, snapsuits. No matter what you call them, if you have a baby at home, you probably have dozens of them.
Technically, “onesie” is a trademark term that has been owned by Gerber Products Company since the early 1980s. As the Gerber Childrenswear website states, “The OnesiesÂ® brand, or any similar, potentially confusing variation ( for example, âOnesieâ or âOnezeesâ), cannot be used as a generic descriptor or as a name; it should only be used as an adjective, with reference to the OnesiesÂ® brand by GerberÂ®.
Yet despite Gerber’s “aggressive” approach to protecting their brand, Americans tend to use the word colloquially to refer to just about any one-piece baby outfit. And American parents certainly continue to dress their babies in Gerber-formal or non-formal suits.
But have you ever wondered where this type of clothing came from and how it became so ubiquitous? It turns out that the combination has many interesting precursors and links to historical events.
Union Suits And Sleeper Blanket
While the word romper tends to suggest these short-sleeved, legless bodysuits, people also use it in reference to the long-sleeved one-piece pajamas that babies wear. And it was this style of clothing (minus the fabric of the foot) that started to gain popularity at the end of the 19th century.
The “union suit” was a kind of long one-piece undergarment with roots in upstate New York during the dress reform movement, a.k.a. the rational dress movement of the Victoria era. . Although earlier versions existed, the first union suit was patented in 1868 with the descriptor âemancipation union under flannelâ. This garment offered an alternative to tightening corsets and bustiers for women, although it also became a fashionable option for men and children.
The union coverall was traditionally made of flannel with buttons on the front and a flap at the back known several times as the “fold-down seat”, “seat flap”, “access hatch”, “firefighter flap” And other hotter names. Over time, two-piece thermal underwear (ie âlong johnsâ) replaced union coveralls as the preferred choice for âflannel underwearâ in the 20th century.
Yet the children cradled a one-piece garment at bedtime – the blanket sleeper. In the 19th century, a Michigan textile worker named Whitley Denton allegedly invented a special “sleepwear” for children which was mass-produced as “Dr. Denton’s Blanket Sleepers. The design was initially similar to that of jumpsuits, but it has evolved with new developments such as the invention of the zipper.
In the 1950s, Walter Artzt, originally from Vienna and living in Pennsylvania, changed the game of jumpsuits when he invented one-piece pajamas with strategically placed snaps to make diaper changes easier. He registered the name âBabygroâ.
Winston Churchill’s mermaid costume
Other one-piece garments rose to prominence during the heyday of union dress. French acrobat Jules Leotard invented a special bodysuit which he wore until his death in 1870. The garment was incredibly popular among gymnasts, dancers and circus performers and eventually became known by his name.
Additionally, many working-class men wore one-piece overalls, also known as overalls, in the 19th century as the Industrial Revolution created a need for clothing suitable for new types of work, such as repair. and the cleaning of steam engine boilers.
In the 1930s, Winston Churchill ordered special one-piece leisure suits, possibly inspired by the overalls worn by masons working in his field. He came to wear them frequently in public, notably during visits to the White House during WWII.
During the war, people in England were often woken up at night by the sound of air raid sirens warning of potential German attacks. Churchill’s loose, zippered jumpsuits actually presented a good balance between running outside to seek refuge in your pajamas or underwear and taking the time to get dressed fully.
Instead, people could just quickly put this garment on top of whatever they were wearing when they heard the sirens. Thus, it became known as the “mermaid costume”.
Churchill wore a variety of mermaid costumes, ranging from gray stripes to soft green velvet. In 2002, one of his costumes sold at auction for around $ 40,000. Her styling was more reminiscent of a pilot outfit or other one-piece adult clothing, but it seems appropriate to mention it in the context of the history of baby onesies, given the man said: ” All babies look like me. But then I look like all babies.
Nowadays, many adults are still experimenting with adult size jumpsuits, especially around Halloween. Baby sleepsuits have also become more inclusive, with smaller sizes for premature infants and accommodation options for little ones with disabilities. Because clearly everyone deserves to look cute and comfy.